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[悬赏] 办公室安全

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发表于 2008-12-3 08:48:29 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Hazards Are Everywhere
隐患无处不在
Compared to an industrial work environment, an office can seem like a safe place to work.
与工厂工作环境相比,办公室看起来是一个安全的工作场所.
However, many serious accidents and injuries occur on a regular basis in offices everywhere.
但是,各地的办公室经常发生一些严重的事故和伤害。
Office workers are injured by falls, fires and electric shock. They receive cuts and bruises from office tools and furniture. They develop long-term injuries from repetitive work such as keyboarding.
办公室人员受到的主要伤害为:跌落、火灾和触电。也有可能因办公家具或使用办公设备被割伤或擦伤。
As you go through your shift, use these safe work practices:
当你进行安全检查时,请注意:
- Watch for obstructions which can cause tripping accidents. Cords and cables should not be placed across traffic areas. Even cords going to a power bar located next to a work station can trip a person getting up from the desk.
注意可能会导致滑跌事故的障碍物。电缆不得通过交通道路。
- Materials should be stored in designated storage areas, not in boxes on the floor.
物品应存放在指定的地方,而不要放在随意堆放。
- Briefcases, handbags and other personal items should be stored where no one will fall over them. 公文包、手提箱和其他个人物品应放在不会砸到人的地方。
- Keep drawers of desks and cabinets closed.
随手关好文件柜和办公桌的抽屉。
- Clean up any spills, such as coffee or water, right way. If a spill cannot be taken care of immediately, arrange a barricade and a sign to warn people. Floors which are wet from cleaning should also be blocked off and marked by warning signs.
随时清理洒漏的液体如咖啡等。如果不及时清理的话,可以设立障碍物或警示标志。清洗过的湿地板也应如此。
- Load file cabinets from the bottom up. Serious accidents have occurred when top-heavy filing cabinets have fallen over.
先从文件柜的底部开始放文件。很多严重的伤害事故就是由于很重的文件箱跌落下来引起的.
- Use safe lifting techniques. It is just as easy to receive a back injury in the office as it is in the warehouse. To pick up a heavy item, squat down beside it. Use the strength in your legs, not your back, to raise it up. Bend your knees, not your back.
注意正确的搬举方式。在办公室和在仓库一样,也可使得背部受伤。在搬重的东西时,先在物品的旁边蹲下。用腿部的力量而非背部的力量来举起物品。弯下腿而非背.
- Store sharp implements such as scissors, paper knives, and letter openers separately from other items to prevent cuts and puncture wounds.
将尖利的物品如剪刀、裁纸刀等分开放置以防止刺伤.
- Use the handles on drawers and doors so you do not smash your fingers.
用抽屉上的拉手来打开抽屉,以防夹到手指.
- Be alert to electrical hazards, which can cause fires and electrocution. Check for any frayed or damaged cords or plugs. Electrical repairs should be made only by qualified personnel.
当心触电,检查磨损的电缆和插头。电器维修必须由有资格的人员进行.
- Don't overload electrical circuits. Extension cords are meant to be used only temporarily, so make sure the area is wired adequately for all of the electronic equipment such as computers, copiers and printers.
不要让电气线路超负荷运行。拖线板只供临时使用,因此,请确定该区域的布线足够电气设备如计算机、复印机打印机等使用.
Breakers which trip frequently are a sign of overloaded circuits.
如果短路器经常跳掉,可能是过载的征兆.
- Know what to do in an emergency such as a fire. Be aware of at least two escape routes from any area where you work. Never block fire exits, even temporarily.
清楚发生火灾等应急事故时如何做。注意任何工作区域至少要有两个出口。千万不要阻挡安全出口,哪怕是临时的.
- Know the location of fire extinguishers, and learn how to use them. You should only fight a fire after you have called the fire department, if you are sure you can handle it and if you have an escape route.
了解灭火器的位置并知道如何使用。只有在通知消防部门后并知道如何处理和逃生路径时,才可以灭火.
- Don't use makeshift scaffolds such as a chair balanced on a desk when you are reaching for something overhead. Take the time to get a stepladder or stepstool.
不要用诸如将凳子放在桌子上等凑和的脚手架来拿高处的东西。去找一个梯子或登高工具.
- Repetitive strain injuries are increasingly common in offices. When doing work such as computer keyboarding, keep your hands and wrists straight and relaxed. Frequently switch to other tasks to give your hands a rest.
过度劳累在办公室变得愈来愈普遍。当从事打字等工作时,注意手腕放松并伸直。经常变换一下其他工作,以让手休息一下.
- Help keep lunchrooms and washrooms tidy and sanitary. Dispose of trash properly, and keep counters clean and dry.
保持餐厅和洗手间干净卫生。正确处理垃圾,保持办公台干燥、干净.
- If you smoke, do so only in the designated areas, to prevent fires and reduce health risks to your fellow workers. Use an ashtray, and never empty an ashtray into a trash can unless you are sure the contents are cold.如果抽烟,请到指顶定的区域,以防止火灾和减少对同事的健康的影响。注意使用烟灰缸,在确定烟头已经熄灭并冷却的情况下,才能将其内的东西倒到垃圾桶内.
Offices aren't as tame as they seem. They contain many hazards to your safety - so stay alert
办公室并不象看起来的那样温驯. 这里同样存在安全隐患,因此要加以注意。
     

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发表于 2008-12-13 16:49:16 | 显示全部楼层
在线原料库,研发好帮手
很实用,谢谢提醒!
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